Risk Factors For Varicose and Spider Veins

Risk Factors

Varicose Veins:

Heredity, pregnancy, occupation, obesity, age, trauma

Spider Veins:

Increased pressure on the leg veins, added pressure on the legs due to weight gain, increases in the amount of blood in the body, various hormonal changes

Disorders

Varicose Veins

When veins are working properly, they return blood to the heart for reoxygenization. When their valves fail, leak or are damaged, some of the blood flows in a backward direction instead of toward the heart where is may collect in a pool. This can cause the veins to become distended, and that’s when you can get symptoms such as pain, burning, itching, throbbing and fatigue.

Varicose veins may also limit your ability to work or your capacity for leisure activities. Left untreated, varicose veins may cause serious health issues such as venous leg ulcers, skin discolorations or blood clots.

Spider Veins

Spider veins are the ones you see closer to the skin’s surface that may appear small, threadlike and wispy. They may appear red or purple in color; however, reticular veins or “feeder” veins may appear bluish-green and can have a marbled appearance. Spider veins and reticular veins are generally considered a cosmetic condition and usually not covered by insurance.

Facial Veins

Facial spider veins range in size from small, wispy red and purple veins to larger blue-green veins. The small veins are commonly seen on the nose, cheeks and chin. The larger veins may be found in the temple area, around the eyes and along the jaw line. These veins typically do not cause pain and are considered cosmetic.

Common vascular birthmarks are port-wine stains and hemangiomas. Port-wine stains, which are dark red or purple, consist of superficial and deep dilated capillaries in the skin and most often occur on the face but can appear anywhere on the body.

Rosacea begins as flushing and redness on the face, across the cheeks, nose, and forehead but can also affect the neck and chest. Other characteristics of rosacea may be dilation of the superficial blood vessels on the face with small red bumps.