Heredity, pregnancy, occupation, obesity, age, trauma
Increased pressure on the leg veins,
added pressure on the legs due to weight gain, increases in the amount
of blood in the body, various hormonal changes
When veins are working properly, they return
blood to the heart for reoxygenization. When their valves fail, leak or
are damaged, some of the blood flows in a backward direction instead of
toward the heart where is may collect in a pool. This can cause the
veins to become distended, and that’s when you can get symptoms such as
pain, burning, itching, throbbing and fatigue.
Varicose veins may also limit your ability to work or your capacity
for leisure activities. Left untreated, varicose veins may cause serious
health issues such as venous leg ulcers, skin discolorations or blood
Spider veins are the ones you see closer to the
skin’s surface that may appear small, threadlike and wispy. They may
appear red or purple in color; however, reticular veins or “feeder”
veins may appear bluish-green and can have a marbled appearance. Spider
veins and reticular veins are generally considered a cosmetic condition
and usually not covered by insurance.
Facial spider veins range in size from small,
wispy red and purple veins to larger blue-green veins. The small veins
are commonly seen on the nose, cheeks and chin. The larger veins may be
found in the temple area, around the eyes and along the jaw line. These
veins typically do not cause pain and are considered cosmetic.
Common vascular birthmarks are port-wine stains and hemangiomas.
Port-wine stains, which are dark red or purple, consist of superficial
and deep dilated capillaries in the skin and most often occur on the
face but can appear anywhere on the body.
Rosacea begins as flushing and redness on the face, across the
cheeks, nose, and forehead but can also affect the neck and chest. Other
characteristics of rosacea may be dilation of the superficial blood
vessels on the face with small red bumps.